Have you noticed that there are holes in the leaves of your Dracaena plant?
Are you worried that pests have infested your Dracaena plant, and they may kill the plant? In this article, I will explain to you the reason why your Dracaena plant has holes and how to go about it.
Why Are There Holes In My Dracaena Leaves? The main reason is pest attack. Some of the pests include Liriomyza melanogaster and Spider Mites. fungus infection is another major cause of holes in the Dracaena leaves.
What Is Eating the Leaves of my Dracaena?
Whenever you notice that your Dracaena leaves have holes in them, they are being eaten up; it is due to the presence of a pest or disease. The Liriomyza melanogaster and Spider Mites are the two most significant pests of Dracaena plants.
Liriomyza melanogaster is a larvae-like insect that bore through the leaves of your Dracaena plant and leave holes in them. They are popularly called leaf-mining flies and remain one of the major pests of Dracaena plants and many other green plants.
These insects are nocturnal; therefore, it is difficult to find them on the leaves during the day. Leaf-mining flies hide during the day and pounce on your plant at night when they are active. You will only wake to see holes in some of the dracaena leaves.
Spider Mites are hazardous pests of Dracaena plants that attack during the warm summer months. They bore holes in the plant’s leaves in an attempt to suck the juicy nutrients from the healthy leaves. During the process, they infect the leaves and leave them with countless small yellow or brown spots.
Spider Mites are usually challenging to eradicate sometimes because they lay and hatch their eggs on the underside of infected leaves, leaving their young to continue from where they stopped. To find Spider Mites on your plants, look out for tiny white balls around the leaf veins.
Should I Cut Leaves With holes?
This is definitely a big yes. When you notice holes in your Dracaena leaves, the best way to stop the spread of the pests or diseases causing it is to remove the infected leaves.
If the damage done on the leaves is more than 50 percent, ensure you remove all infested, dying, and brown leaves as soon as possible. When you remove leaves with holes in them, the remaining healthy foliage on the plant receives more nutrients.
Also, Dracaena is a plant that can tolerate pruning with little complaints and will grow or regenerate rapidly. Therefore, when the leaves are cut off, they grow back, look healthier. This makes you grow better and improves its appearance.
How to Prevent Holes In My Dracaena Leaves
You can prevent pests that bore holes in your Dracaena plant leaves by simply following a basic care routine for your plant. Among such care routine is chemical spray.
The good thing about it all is that caring for your Dracaena plant and preventing pests from boring holes in its leaves is not as difficult as it may seem; however, you must know how to get about. Spraying chemicals like neem oil, also called Amazon link, is one way to keep leaf miners off the plant.
Ensure you spray it thoroughly on all your Dracaena plants in the location because these pests usually spread across other household plants and would seek refuge on them. Not only will they survive, they will damage these and also come back to destroy the previous host plants.
Naturally, Dracaena is susceptible to diseases like leaf spot, which causes a yellow or brownish spot on the leaves. This weakens the leaves and leads to the formation of holes in them. So when preventing holes in your Dracaena leaves, also ensure you treat all leaf disease infections on the plant.
When treating your plants, exercise caution as much as you can. If the damage done on your plant is much, you can result in removing the diseased leaves. This would help improve the health of your plants.
Why Does My Dracaena Plant Have Leaf Spots
Your dracaena plant leaves may have spots on them due to several reasons. The reason for the leaf spots could be because of the activities of pests on them or due to a fungus infection on your plant.
Leaf spots can also be triggered by poor environmental conditions or wrong care routines and practices. For example, if the soil where your plants are located is too damp, it could accommodate microorganisms that will cause diseases such as leaf spots.
Poor environmental conditions like excess light could also affect the appearance of your Dracaena plants and cause leaf spots, especially those with variegation. This is because excess light produces reactive oxygen species that react with the molecules in the plant’s cells.
Should I Cut Brown Spots Off Dracaena?
Yes, do not hesitate to cut the brown leaves off your Dracaena plants if needed. It is always better to be safe and control the damage as early as possible.
The more you leave such leaves on the plant, the more other leaves and plants around it will be exposed to brown spots if the reason for the brown spot is due to an infection or pest infestation. Cutting off the leaves won’t stress your plant as much as you think because the Dracaena plant can withstand trims easily.
If all the leaves are brown and dry, it’s best to remove the entire leaf; however, ensure it’s not too far away from the main branch. If the leaves are removed properly, they will grow back healthier in no time.
How Do I Treat Brown Spots On Dracaena?
You can test brown spots on Dracaena by removing infected leaves and dead twigs, using fungicides, and reducing moisture on leaves. However, you can only adopt the appropriate treatment by first researching the cause of the brown spots.
Before treatment commences, try to investigate the cause of the brown spot. It could be due to excess sunlight, excess water, pest infestation, the presence of a fungus-related disease, temperature stress, or excess fertilizers.
Once you’ve discovered the reason for the brown spots, immediately process to apply treatment to your plant. The earlier you start the treatment, the better for the plant’s health. Here are some ways to treat your plant with brown spots.
- Reduce moisture on leaves
- Water the plant from below foliage.
- Move to a location with better light
- Add Epsom salts to help remove the yellow-spot condition
- Remove infected leaves and dead twigs
- Keep foliage dry
- Keep plants healthy
- Use fungicides if needed
- Replace the plant if the damage can’t be fixed
Tips to Keeping a Dracaena Plant Healthy
To keep your plants healthy, you need to pay keen attention to the environment where you have them, as well as other daily care routines. Ensure there’s a suitable temperature and humidity and keep the environment clean to prevent pest infestation.
Dracaena is a houseplant that thrives in different climates and weather conditions. However, if not correctly cared for, your plant can be attacked by pests and diseases, which would make it become unhealthy.
Some of the things to watch out for when caring for your Dracaena plant and keeping it healthy includes:
- Temperature and humidity
The location where your Dracaena plant is placed goes a long way in determining how healthy they would be. Ensure that your Dracaena plant is in a location that is well filtered and exposed to good indoor light.
Temperature and Humidity
Temperature and humidity is another factor you need to consider when caring for your Dracaena plant. It is crucial that your Dracaena plant is exposed to temperatures around about 65-70°F, and a humidity of around 60-80 percent. This would keep the plant healthy and support optimum growth.
The type of soil you plant your Dracaena in plays a significant role in its health. Basically, your Dracaena plant thrives better in well-drained nutrient-rich soil type like loamy soil.
Too much water in your soil could result in root rot and eventually cause the death of your Dracaena plant. Therefore, when watering your plant, ensure that the soil is not too wet but slightly moist. You should water the plant every 7-10 days, but before water, ensure you test how moist the soil is by dipping your finger a few inches into the soil.
If you are adding fertilizers to your Dracaena plant, make sure you use an all-purpose fertilizer. Ensure that fertilizers are added every two months during the warmer season at half strength.
Your plants can get icky and dusty, especially during the dry season, which could leave room for infections. Therefore, ensure you clean it regularly with a brush or a damp cloth.
Frequently Asked Questions
Should I Remove Dead Leaves From Dracaena Plant?
Yes! If you remove the damaged or dead leaves from your Dracaena plant properly, your plant will recover after a while and will look healthier. Ensure you prune off the entire dead stalks on all stems because dead stalks obviously won’t hold any living leaf.
Can Brown Leaves From Dracaena Plant Turn Green Again?
Brown leaves from the Dracaena plant can still turn green under the right conditions. You should know that dry soil and low humidity cause leaves to become brown and droop. Over some time, the leaves become entirely yellow or brown, before it eventually drops. When you water the leaves, the humidity will increase, and it will slowly turn green.
Will leaf spot on Dracaena go away on its own?
Leave spots on your Dracaena plant won’t go away on their own. Organic treatment remains the best form of treatment for your Dracaena plant. To treat your plant, you should water the plant from below foliage to reduce the moisture on leaves. Also, move the plant to an area with better light and destroy all infected leaves.